times interest earned ratio

When a company has a TIE ratio of less than one, lenders will not be able to provide better offers or are more likely to deny a credit application because of the probability of default. If a company has a TIE ratio of 6, that means that a company has the ability to pay off its interest expense 6 times over. That means that, in 2018, Harold was able to repay his interest expense more than 100 times over. That all changed in 2019, when Harold took out a high-interest-rate loan to help cover employee expenses. If you’re reporting a net loss, your times interest earned ratio would be negative as well. However, if you have a net loss, the times interest earned ratio is probably not the best ratio to calculate for your business. Because this number indicates the ability of your business to pay interest expense, lenders, in particular, pay close attention to this number when deciding whether to provide a loan to your business.

The fixed payment coverage ratio measures the ability of the enterprise to meet all of its fixed-payment obligations on time. In other words, the fixed payment coverage ratio measures the ability to service debts. The times interest earned ratio, also known as the interest coverage ratio, measures how easily a company can pay its debts with its current income. To calculate this ratio, you divide income by the total interest payable on bonds or other forms of debt. After performing this calculation, you’ll see a number which ranks the company’s ability to cover interest fees with pre-tax earnings. Generally, the higher the TIE, the more cash the company will have left over. The times interest earned ratio is a solvency ratio which illustrates how well a company can meet its long-term debt obligations.


All accounting ratios require accurate financial statements, which is why using accounting software is the recommended method for managing your business finances. Accounting ratios are used to identify business strengths and weaknesses. When used consistently over time, accounting ratios help to pinpoint trends and provide useful information to business owners and investors about the financial health and stability of a business. The higher the ratio, the less risk involved in investing in the company. Further, the Company may be bankrupt or have to refinance at the higher interest rate and unfavorable terms.

In other words, the company’s not overextending itself, but it might not be living up to its growth potential. Like any metric, the TIE ratio should be looked at alongside other financial indicators and margins. There’s no perfect answer to “what is a good times interest earned ratio? ” because the answer will depend on the type of business and industry. It’s more important to think about what the ratio signifies for a business, showing the number of times over it can pay its interest. Therefore, the better managed the operations of a company is and the higher its operating income, the higher will be the TIE ratio provided that the interest expense is also well managed. However, as your business grows, and you begin to turn to outside resources for funding opportunities, you’ll likely be calculating your times earned interest ratio on a regular basis.

times interest earned ratio

For companies with a negative interest income, this indicates an interest payment and will be used to calculate TIE. This ratio works well when looking at manufacturing businesses, utilities, and certain service businesses. It should be used with care when analyzing financial service companies because their business models borrow differently from traditional manufacturing and service businesses. Please note that EBIT represents all of the profits your business earned during the relevant accounting period. Given these assumptions, the corporation’s income before interest and income tax expense was $1,000,000 (net income of $500,000 + interest expense of $200,000 + income tax expense of $300,000). Since the interest expense was $200,000, the corporation’s times interest earned ratio was 5 ($1,000,000 divided by $200,000). The times interest earned ratio is also referred to as the interest coverage ratio.

What Is Ebit?

Cost of capital has a direct impact on the TIE ratio and as such, it does not indicate a good credit risk. While 4.16 times is still a good TIE ratio, it’s a tremendous drop from the previous year. While Harold may still be able to obtain a loan based on the 2019 TIE ratio, when the two years are looked at together, chances are that many lenders will decline to fund his hardware store. Used in the numerator is an accounting figure that may not represent enough cash generated by the Company. The ratio could be higher, but this does not indicate the Company has actual cash to pay the interest expense. In this exercise, we’ll be comparing the net income of a company with vs. without growing interest expense payments. Like other ratios, there are a number of limitations to consider when using the times interest earned ratio.

Suppose a business has an EBIT of $ and interest payable on the loan is $25000. This means the company earns four times the money that it needs to pay as interest. Its aim is to show how many times a firm is able to pay the interest with it before-tax income. What’s more, higher disposable income means that you are in a better position for growth. Obviously, when you have the operating expenses to reinvest in your business, it shows you are performing well.

Mary Girsch-Bock is the expert on accounting software and payroll software for The Ascent. Our second example shows the impact a high-interest loan can have on your TIE ratio. Many or all of the products here are from our partners that pay us a commission. But our editorial integrity ensures our experts’ opinions aren’t influenced by compensation. Therefore, the firm would be required to reduce the loan amount and raise funds internally as the Bank will not accept the Times Interest Earned Ratio.

Consequently, creditors or investors who look at your income statement will be more than happy to lend to a business that has been consistently making enough money over a long period of time. Times Interest Earned ratio is the measure of a company’s ability to meet debt obligations, based on its current income. The times interest earned ratio is calculated by dividing earnings before interest and taxes by the total interest expenses. A lower times interest earned ratio means fewer earnings are available to meet interest payments. Failing to meet these obligations could force a company into bankruptcy. It is used by both lenders and borrowers in determining a company’s debt capacity.

Understanding The Times Interest Earned Ratio

This will occur if the business is unnecessarily careful with taking up more debt which results in a very low risk but also a lower return. This is not aligned with the overall goal of the enterprise which is the maximization of the wealth of its shareholders.

A higher discretionary income means the business is in a better position for growth, as it can invest in new equipment or pay for expansions. It’s clear that the company’s doing well when it has money to put back into the business. The times interest earned ratio, or interest coverage ratio, measures a company’s ability to pay its liabilities based on how much money it’s bringing in. The ratio indicates whether a company will be able to invest in growth after paying its debts. A higher times interest earned ratio suggests that the company has plenty of cash to service its interest payments and can continue to re-invest into its operations to generate consistent profits.

The main difference between the interest coverage ratio and the times interest earned ratio is the way in which they are calculated. However, they both measure a company’s ability to make its interest payments. Since EBIT is more than two times larger than fixed-payment obligations, it appears that ABC is in a strong position to live up to its fixed-payment obligations as they come due. However, as with all financial ratios, the ratio should be compared to the industry average before any conclusions are drawn. Fixed Payment Coverage Ratio measures the ability of the enterprise to meet all of its fixed-payment obligations on time.

Industry averages differ significantly between industries for inventory turnover ratio. Generally high inventory turnover is considered to be a good indicator. Also, an analyst should prepare a time series of the TIE to get a better understanding of the company’s financial standing. A single TIE may not be much helpful as it would include one-time revenue and earnings.

Interpreting The Times Interest Earned Tie Ratio

Investors prefer publicly-traded companies to have a middling times-interest-earned ratio. A low ratio indicates an inability to service debts, while too high a ratio indicates a lack of debt that investors may find undesirable. When analyzing capital structure decisions with the help of debt ratios, one should compare debt ratios of individual firms to industry averages. There is a large variability of debt ratios’ industry averages between industries. This is because different industries have different operations requirements. Appropriate ratios to use should determined by the company in question, taking into account company’s ‘s strategy, operating environment, competitive environment and finances. In some respects, the times interest earned ratio is considered a solvency ratio.

Rosemary Carlson is an expert in finance who writes for The Balance Small Business. She was a university professor of finance and has written extensively in this area. TIE ratios are an indicator of the long-term financial strength of an organization. The TIE ratio is helpful for comparing two different companies in terms of how financially stable they are. For example, companies that are fairly new in the market such as startups, raise their capital by the issuance of capital stocks. If a bank were looking at the books of Company ABC, they would know that Company ABC will be able to afford paying its interest 2.5 times over. Cash flow is still more important for companies to work on rather than working on a higher TIE ratio and avoid bankruptcy.

What Is A Good High Or Low Times Interest Earned Ratio?

But, a usually big TIE could also mean that the company is “too safe” and is missing on productive opportunities. On the other hand, a TIE of lower than one indicates the company may not have sufficient funds to meet the debt obligation. We regularly update our Hub with tips and guides covering different aspects of business and finance. You’ll find articles on starting a small business, name registration, and more. Based on this TIE ratio — which is hovering near the danger zone — lending to Dill With It would probably not be deemed an acceptable risk for the loan office. Again, there is always more that goes into a decision like this, but a TIE ratio of 2.5 or lower is generally a cause for concern among creditors.

times interest earned ratio

Some service organizations raise 60% or a greater amount of their capital by giving obligations. The TIE proportion demonstrates how often an organization could pay the enthusiasm with it’s before charge salary, so clearly the bigger proportions are viewed as more good than littler proportions. The real estimation of TIE proportion ought to likewise be contrasted and that of different organizations working in a similar industry. One should compare debt ratios of individual firms to industry averages, to obtain a better understanding. There is a large variability of debt ratios industry averages between industries.

Businesses with a TIE ratio of less than two may indicate to investors and lenders a higher probability of defaulting on a future loan, while a TIE ratio of less than 1 indicates serious financial trouble. This formula may create some initial confusion, since you’re adding interest and taxes back into your net income total in order to calculate EBIT. To get the numbers necessary to calculate the TIE ratio, investors can look at a company’s annual report or latest earnings report. When EBIT is divided by total https://www.bookstime.com/ interest expenses, it can be interpreted as how many times the firm is earning to cover its interest obligation. Before taxes, and this is the income generated purely from business after deducting the expenses that are incurred necessary to run that business. The TIE’s main purpose is to help quantify a company’s probability of default. This, in turn, helps determine relevant debt parameters such as the appropriate interest rate to be charged or the amount of debt that a company can safely take on.

If a firm’s TIE ratio is low, it might be safer for the company to favor equity issuance as opposed to adding more debt and interest expense. This means that Tim’s income is 10 times greater than his annual interest expense.

What Does A High Times Interest Earned Ratio Signify For A Company’s Future?

Based on the times interest earned formula, Hold the Mustard has a TIE ratio of 80, which is well above acceptable. As we previously discussed, there is a lot more than this basic equation that goes into a lender’s decision. But you are on top of your current debts and their respective interest rates, and this will absolutely play into the lender’s decision process. So long as you make dents in your debts, your interest expenses will decrease month to month. But at a given moment, this amount can be hundreds or thousands of dollars piling onto your plate, in addition to your regular payments and other business expenses.

Inventory turnover ratio measures the liquidity of a firm’s inventory. It measures how many times the company turns over its inventory during a period, such as the financial period. Furthermore, interest expense refers to any debt payments that your company owes to creditors in the same period. The deli is doing well, making an average of $10,000 a month after expenses and before taxes and interest. You took out a loan of $20,000 last year for new equipment and it’s currently at $15,000 with an annual interest rate of 5 percent.

Interest May Include Discounts Or Premiums

A high or low TIE ratio is highly dependent on the company and its industry, and it can be accurately analyzed by comparing it to a prior period, industry average, or competitor. The accounts receivable turnover ratio shows how often a company can liquidate receivables into cash over a given time period. Also called the interest coverage ratio, it’s the ratio of EBITDA to the company’s interest expense.

That’s because every company is different, with different parameters that must be taken into account. We have all the tools and downloadable guides you need to do your job faster and better – and it’s all free. Cut through the noise and dive deep on a specific topic with one of our curated content hubs.